Challenges and Opportunities for the Sustainability Transition in Global Trade
In this special issue, we explore the challenges and opportunities arising with respect to normative goals of shifting production and international trade in agriculture towards greater sustainability. Private voluntary sustainability standards have experienced substantial growth in various global markets, reaching 40% of global coffee production, 25% of cocoa and 15% of palm oil in 2012. Given the rapid expansion of private standards, whether third-party certifications, corporate codes of conductor ¿newer¿ regulatory approaches such as multi-stakeholder initiatives, public-private partnerships and efforts to develop new sustainable business models, it is important to consider what such approaches offer. All of these approaches are seeking to contribute, at differing levels of ambition, towards a sustainability transition.